Links and Resources

Foundational Structure of Therapy and Ethical Implications

The psychological imperialism of psychotherapy

Reasons to be therapy-free

Client Stories and Discussion

Bad Therapy? A disgruntled ex-psychotherapy client speaks her piece

Psychology Research Study Quality, Inadequate Justification for Therapy, Perverse Incentives, and Harmful Outcomes

Pop Quiz – What can we learn from an intervention study?
http://blog.dansimons.com/2013/07/pop-quiz-what-can-we-learn-from.html

Psychology must learn a lesson from fraud case
http://www.nature.com/news/psychology-must-learn-a-lesson-from-fraud-case-1.9513

It’s time for psychologists to put their house in order
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/2013/feb/27/psychologists-bmc-psychology

The mystery of the missing experiments
http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/the-mystery-of-the-missing-experiments

Replication studies: Bad copy
In the wake of high-profile controversies, psychologists are facing up to problems with replication.
http://www.nature.com/news/replication-studies-bad-copy-1.10634

Nice Results, But What Did You Expect?
http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/07/09/nice-results-but-what-did-you-expect/

The Pervasive Problem With Placebos in Psychology
Why Active Control Groups Are Not Sufficient to Rule Out Placebo Effects
http://pps.sagepub.com/content/8/4/445.full

What can we learn from an intervention study?
http://blog.dansimons.com/2013/07/pop-quiz-what-can-we-learn-from.html

Is psychotherapy for depression any better than a sugar pill?
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2013/06/25/is-psychotherapy-for-depression-any-better-than-a-sugar-pill/

Comparison of psychotherapies for adult depression to pill placebo control groups: a meta-analysis
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9156075

A Systematic Review of Comparative Efficacy of Treatments and Controls for Depression
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3408478/

Review: no reliable evidence of the effect of psychotherapy upon suicide risk in people with depression 
http://ebmh.bmj.com/content/early/2013/04/12/eb-2013-101291.extract

Cognitive behavior and psychodynamic therapy no better than routine care for anorexia
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2014/01/16/cognitive-behavior-psychodynamic-therapy-better-routine-care-anorexia/

Trust the Results, Not the Conclusions
http://bigthink.com/devil-in-the-data/trust-the-results-not-the-conclusions

Trust in science would be improved by study pre-registration
Open letter: We must encourage scientific journals to accept studies before the results are in
http://m.guardiannews.com/science/blog/2013/jun/05/trust-in-science-study-pre-registration

Revised Ethical Principles Have Profound Implications for Psychological Research http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2013/10/20/revised-ethical-principles-have-profound-implications-for-psychological-research/

Harms not systematically reported in randomized controlled trials of psychological interventions for mental and behavioral disorders: A review of current practice.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24607768

Efficacy of cognitive–behavioural therapy and other psychological treatments for adult depression: meta-analytic study of publication bias
http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/196/3/173.short

Antidepressant, talk therapy fail to beat placebo
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/12/21/us-antidepressant-idUSTRE7BK1ZU20111221
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22152401

Why Bogus Therapies Often Seem to Work
http://www.quackwatch.com/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/altbelief.html

Why Bogus Therapies Seem to Work
http://www.csicop.org/si/show/why_bogus_therapies_seem_to_work/

Does Depression Go Away On Its Own?
http://bigthink.com/devil-in-the-data/does-depression-go-away-on-its-own

The Role of Anecdotes in Science-Based Medicine
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/the-role-of-anecdotes-in-science-based-medicine/

Subjective “validation”
http://skepdic.com/subjectivevalidation.html

Therapy works? So . . . ?
http://www.madinamerica.com/2012/03/therapy-works-so

Burden of proof
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophic_burden_of_proof

The Burden of Proof
http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/CHAPTER_5_ARGUMENTS_EXPERIENCE/Burden-of-Proof.htm

The Burden of Proof in Healthcare
http://whereistheburdenofproof.wordpress.com/

The burden of proof (video)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KayBys8gaJY

Placebo Effects: Psychology’s Fundamental Flaw? Why active controls are not enough
http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/placebo-effects-psychologys-fundamental-flaw-why-active-controls-are-not-enough

“Strong evidence” for a treatment evaporates with a closer look: Many psychotherapies are similarly vulnerable.
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2012/11/26/strong-evidence-for-a-treatment-evaporates-with-a-closer-look-many-psychotherapies-are-similarly-vulnerable/

Does therapy really work? Let’s not talk about it
– Reflections on therapists’ defensiveness and resistance
http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/public/Appointments/article1273813.ece

There are no randomized controlled trials that support the United States Preventive Services Task Force guideline on screening for depression in primary care: a systematic review
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/12/13/abstract

Re-examining Significant Research: The Problem of False-Positives
http://bigthink.com/artful-choice/re-examining-significant-research-the-problem-of-false-positives

The statistical significance scandal: The standard error of science?
http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/the-statistical-significance-scandal-the-standard-error-of-science

Shhh! Keeping quiet about the sad state of couples interventions [and other psychotherapy] research
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2013/04/09/shhh-keeping-quiet-about-the-sad-state-of-couples-interventions-for-cancer-patients-research/

Too Good To Be True: Health Psychology’s Dependence on Underpowered Positive Studies
– The folly of believing positive findings from underpowered intervention studies
http://www.slideshare.net/jamesccoyne/ehps-2013-small-trials

Assessing risk of bias in studies
http://handbook.cochrane.org/chapter_8/8_assessing_risk_of_bias_in_included_studies.htm

Researcher allegiance [bias] in psychotherapy outcome research: An overview of reviews
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/235919213_Researcher_allegiance_in_psychotherapy_outcome_research_An_overview_of_reviews

Whomp! Using invited editorial commentary to neutralize negative findings [Strong bias in peer-review in psychotherapy journals]
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2013/11/13/2127/
http://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/2012/10/30/i-am-holding-my-revised-manuscript-hostage-until-the-editor-forwards-my-complaint-to-a-rogue-reviewer/

Mind Games: Psychological Warfare Between Therapists and Scientists
http://wthrockmorton.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/mind20games.pdf

Get Shrunk at Your Own Risk
http://www.newsweek.com/begley-get-shrunk-your-own-risk-102467

When it’s bad to talk
As evidence grows that anti-depressant drugs are ineffective, more of us are likely to turn to psychotherapy. But, as Kate Hilpern reports, counselling can mean being traumatised again
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2008/mar/11/mentalhealth.healthandwellbeing

When Counseling is Dangerous
Psychological debriefing after disasters may do more harm than good.
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-open-mind/201001/when-counseling-is-dangerous-0

Concerns about the effectiveness of critical incident stress debriefing in ameliorating stress reactions
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC137400/

Therapy can drive you mad, finds study on counselling given to 9/11 survivors
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2020699/Therapy-drive-mad-finds-study-counselling-9-11.html

Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12076399

Escaping from the past of disaster psychology
http://mindhacks.com/2011/09/10/escaping-from-the-past-of-disaster-psychology/

Randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of acute burn trauma
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9328501

Review in The Guardian Newspaper:  A sickness called therapy 
http://tanadineen.com/MEDIA/Guardian.htm

Manufacturing Victims
http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2171864.Manufacturing_Victims

Manufacturing Victims: What the Psychology Industry Is Doing to People
http://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/review/1552070328/R3D9C56KT87A6H?cursor=1&sort=sd

Elizabeth Loftus: The Fiction of Memory 
http://www.ted.com/talks/elizabeth_loftus_the_fiction_of_memory.html

The Therapy Industry: The Irresistible Rise of the Talking Cure, and Why It Doesn’t Work
http://www.amazon.com/The-Therapy-Industry
YouTube Video: Paul Moloney on the Therapy Industry

Pseudoscience and Psychotherapy
Fringe Psychotherapies:  The Public At Risk
http://www.sram.org/media/documents/uploads/article_pdfs/5-2-01.Beyerstein.pdf

The Moving Goalposts of Mental Illness
http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/the-moving-goalposts-of-mental-illness

The Real Problems With Psychiatry
A psychotherapist contends that the DSM, psychiatry’s “bible” that defines all mental illness, is not scientific but a product of unscrupulous politics and bureaucracy.
http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/05/the-real-problems-with-psychiatry/275371/

Psychiatry’s Guide Is Out of Touch With Science, Experts Say
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/07/health/psychiatrys-new-guide-falls-short-experts-say.html

Prevalence, Correlates, and Treatment of Lifetime Suicidal Behavior Among Adolescents 
Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement
http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1555602

Why Anti-Authoritarians are Diagnosed as Mentally Ill
http://www.madinamerica.com/2012/02/why-anti-authoritarians-are-diagnosed-as-mentally-ill/

The Milgram Obedience Experiment
The Perils of Obedience
http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/milgram.htm

Stanford prison experiment
Zimbardo experiment shows the harm “good” people can cause by applying asymmetrical disempowering labels/roles
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanford_prison_experiment

An Epidemic of Willful Blindness: Savile, Armstrong, LIBOR, HSBC…
http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/margaret-heffernan-/jimmy-savile-epidemic-of-wilful-blindness_b_2044966.html

The pull for lobotomy [and psychotherapy]
http://mindhacks.com/2014/01/08/the-pull-for-lobotomy

Looking Back: Interpreting lobotomy – the patients’ stories [Note analogies with psychotherapy today]
http://www.thepsychologist.org.uk/archive/archive_home.cfm?volumeID=27&editionID=235&ArticleID=2403

The Lake Wobegon Effect
http://www.psychotherapy.net/blog/title/the-lake-wobegon-effect

Michal Lambert on preventing treatment failures (and why you’re not as good as you think):
Dr. Michael Lambert’s groundbreaking work on tracking client outcomes has revealed a huge blindspot for psychotherapists: We don’t notice when our patients are getting worse. But he’s got the solution if you’re willing to try something new.
http://www.psychotherapy.net/interview/preventing-treatment-failures-lambert

How To Tell If Your Therapist Is Crazy (Part One)
http://ironshrink.com/2007/08/how-to-tell-if-your-therapist-is-crazy-part-one/

How To Tell If Your Therapist Is Crazy (Part Two)
http://ironshrink.com/2007/09/how-to-tell-if-your-therapist-is-crazy-part-two/

Why Shrinks Have Problems
Suicide, stress, divorce — psychologists and other mental health professionals may actually be more screwed up than the rest of us.
http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200909/why-shrinks-have-problems

Therapy Beyond Modernity: Deconstructing and Transcending Profession-Centred Therapy
http://www.amazon.com/Therapy-Beyond-Modernity-Profession-Centred-ebook/dp/B005ML0CWI/ref=tmm_kin_title_0

Therapy is all talk
A new book argues that psychotherapy is better at recycling cultural myths than figuring out what’s in your head.
http://www.salon.com/1999/04/06/therapys_delusions/

Is Psychotherapy Superstition?
http://scienceblogs.com/aardvarchaeology/2007/05/10/is-psychotherapy-superstition/

Why psychology isn’t science
http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jul/13/news/la-ol-blowback-pscyhology-science-20120713

Breaking Away From the Cult
Final Analysis:  The Making and Unmaking of a Psychoanalyst.
http://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/21/books/breaking-away-from-the-cult.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

The Trouble With Talk Therapy
“What brand is your therapist?” Exploring the latest marketing trend among psychotherapists.
http://healthland.time.com/2012/11/27/can-branding-save-talk-therapy/

The case against psychotherapy
http://www.antipsychiatry.org/psychoth.htm

Against Therapy
http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0006373879/ref=tsm_1_fb_lk

Is The Rest Of The World ‘Crazy Like Us’?
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=122490928

Crazy Like Us: The Globalization of the American Psyche
http://www.amazon.com/Crazy-Like-Us-Globalization-ebook/dp/B00321OR8K/ref=tmm_kin_title_0

Holding Therapy: Blowing The Whistle on Institutionalised Child Abuse in the UK
http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/blowing-the-whistle-on-institutionalised-child-abuse-in-the-uk

Rage Reduction Therapy
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/pat-schroeders-endorsement-of-rage-reduction-therapy-the-cult-of-the-celebrity-strikes-again/

“How ‘therapy’ becomes a disguise for abuse”
http://www.tanadineen.com/critic/columns/TherapyAbuse-VS.htm

Harmful Side Effects of Psychotherapy
http://psychcentral.com/blog/discuss/8021/

What’s the harm?
http://whatstheharm.net/

Therapist Types: The Narcissist
http://psychgripe.blogspot.com/2010/12/therapist-types-narcissist.html

Destructive Patterns In Asymmetrical Therapy (and Other) Relationships

The asymmetrical dynamics in power-imbalanced relationships in which a person is devalued/dehumanized and dependency is fostered and exploitation follows is rampant in therapy relationships. The inherent structure of the therapy relationship, the one-way intimacy, and surrounding secrecy lends itself to emotional rape. As with domestic violence or priest sexual abuse, it’s a problem that people prefer to look away from and no one wants to think about or admit exists. There will continue to be more therapy victims until we’re ready to really take a look, and take action.

http://enpsychopedia.org/index.php/Emotional_Rape

http://zeidspex.blogspot.com/2007/02/emotional-rape-what-is-it.html

http://laurakamienski.blogspot.com/2009/04/emotional-rape-syndrome-how-to-survive.html

http://violenceunsilenced.com/jessica-2/

http://psychopathsandlove.com/emotional-rape/

http://therapyconsumerguide.com/intimacy-in-therapy-reality-or-dangerous-illusion-part-4

 http://blogs.psychcentral.com/relationships/2013/04/20-indicators-for-co-dependency-or-co-addiction/

http://psychgripe.blogspot.co.uk/2010/12/is-it-symbiotic-parasitism-or.html

http://forums.psychcentral.com/psychotherapy/324981-how-can-i-leave-therapy.html

http://voices.yahoo.com/false-memory-therapy-nearly-ruined-her-life-7509422.html

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/nov/24/false-memories-abuse-convict-innocent

http://voices.yahoo.com/how-avoid-getting-abused-psychotherapy-8878091.html?cat=5

http://www.newsday.com/ideas-the-priest-scandal-isn-t-just-about-sex-violation-of-trust-and-abuse-of-authority-are-keys-to-pedophilia-1.316663 (by a child psycho-analyst)

Having emotions versus therapizing emotions
http://ballastexistenz.wordpress.com/2006/07/23/having-emotions-versus-therapizing-emotions/
https://ballastexistenz.wordpress.com/2006/08/31/wow-stuff-about-the-anti-political-nature-of-therapy/

Inverse Correlation Between Happiness and Therapy

Self-focused rumination increases depression:
http://sonjalyubomirsky.com/wp-content/themes/sonjalyubomirsky/papers/LN1995.pdf
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10608-005-0511-1#page-1

“The single most important factor in living a happy and fulfilled life was love. … The people with close friends and family were the happiest.”
http://yourbrainatwork.org/what-it-takes-to-live-a-happy-life-a-harvard-study-answers-the-question/

“Data indicate that when reporting therapists make inferences about [clients'] significant others, they predominantly couch them in critical terms. These results also suggest that blame-and-change maneuvers are alive and well in psychotherapy. When therapists disregard the strengths and resources of their clients’ significant others, they may resort to the therapeutic relationship as their primary vehicle for treatment.”
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/pst/29/3/474/

“Strikingly, more than half of them were getting therapy before or during the period when they became suicidal. Some clinicians e-mailed Nock to express anger that he would make such statistics public. Their position, he said, was that if you tell people treatment’s not effective [or increases suicide], they’ll stop coming.”
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/30/magazine/the-suicide-detective.html

“Most suicidal adolescents (>80%) receive some form of mental health treatment. In most cases (>55%), treatment starts prior to onset of suicidal behaviors …”
http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1555602

Client Stories and Discussion

http://disequilibrium1.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/a-disgruntled-ex-psychotherapy-client-speaks-her-piece/

On Mutual/Reciprocal Vulnerability, Openness, Connection, and Wholeheartedness

http://www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_on_vulnerability.html

http://www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_listening_to_shame.html

“I define connection as the energy that exists between people when they [both] feel seen, heard, and valued; when they can give and receive without judgment; and when they derive sustenance and strength from the relationship.” ― Brené Brown

“One of the greatest barriers to connection is … we’ve divided the world into “those who offer help” and “those who need help.” The truth is that we are both.” ― Brene Brown

http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/162578.Bren_Brown

Ethics

“Always act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, at the same time as an end-in-itself and never merely as a means.” — Immanuel Kant
Kant’s Formula of Humanity, by Christine Korsgaard (Harvard University)

“Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.” — Immanuel Kant
Kant’s Formula of Universal Law, by Christine Korsgaard (Harvard University)

“Every time you do an activity, or have a thought, you are changing a piece of yourself into something slightly different than it was before.
… a human life is not just a means to produce outcomes, it is an end in itself. When we evaluate our friends, we don’t just measure the consequences of their lives. We measure who they intrinsically are. We don’t merely want to know if they have done good. We want to know if they are good.” — David Brooks
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/04/opinion/brooks-the-way-to-produce-a-person.html

 

Psychology Association’s Torture Link Fails “Do No Harm” Ethics

Two Beautiful Little Stories About The Meaning of Life

The Little Prince
http://www.amazon.com/The-Little-Prince-ebook/dp/B008QYT7DI/ref=tmm_kin_title_0

The Velveteen Rabbit
http://www.amazon.com/The-Velveteen-Rabbit-ebook/dp/B00AMXXNPE/ref=tmm_kin_title_0

Relevant TED Talks and Other Miscellaneous Links

Margaret Heffernan: Dare to Disagree
http://www.ted.com/talks/margaret_heffernan_dare_to_disagree.html

Elizabeth Loftus: The Fiction of Memory 
http://www.ted.com/talks/elizabeth_loftus_the_fiction_of_memory.html

Margaret Heffernan: The Dangers of Willful Blindness
http://www.ted.com/talks/margaret_heffernan_the_dangers_of_willful_blindness.html

Onora O’neill: What We Don’t Understand About Trust
http://www.ted.com/talks/onora_o_neill_what_we_don_t_understand_about_trust.html

Stuart Firestein: The Pursuit of Ignorance
http://www.ted.com/talks/stuart_firestein_the_pursuit_of_ignorance.html

Thomas Goetz: It’s time to redesign medical data
http://www.ted.com/talks/thomas_goetz_it_s_time_to_redesign_medical_data.html

Richard Feynman and Pseudoscience
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtMX_0jDsrw&feature=player_detailpage

Feynman and Scientific Method
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EYPapE-3FRw

Richard Feynman, Cargo Cult Science
http://neurotheory.columbia.edu/~ken/cargo_cult.html

The Role of Anecdotes in Science-Based Medicine
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/the-role-of-anecdotes-in-science-based-medicine/

Science-based Medicine: Answering Our Critics
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/answering-our-critics-part-1-of-2/
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/answering-our-critics-part-2-of-2-whats-the-harm/

The Science of Clinical Trials
http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/the-science-of-clinical-trials/

Why “Science”-Based Instead of “Evidence”-Based?
http://saveyourself.ca/articles/ebm-vs-sbm.php

Dan Ariely: Beware conflicts of interest
http://www.ted.com/talks/dan_ariely_beware_conflicts_of_interest.html

Policy: NIH plans to enhance reproducibility
http://www.nature.com/news/policy-nih-plans-to-enhance-reproducibility-1.14586

David Puttnam: Does the media [and other industries] have a “duty of care”?
http://www.ted.com/talks/david_puttnam_what_happens_when_the_media_s_priority_is_profit.html

Therapy is a con
http://therapyisacon.wordpress.com/2011/03/06/a-reading-list/

The other 999 rooms
http://theother999rooms.squarespace.com/blog/rooms-343-350-leave-the-nail-where-it-is.html

Becoming more authentic
http://tinybuddha.com/blog/becoming-more-authentic-accept-yourself-and-stop-seeking-approval/

The power of empathy

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